The ultimate goals of all calf and heifer raising programs are to optimize growth and to minimize health problems. Threats to calf & heifer health and growth include poor air quality/airborne pathogens, drafts, extreme heat and cold, and filthy living conditions.
- Dry, comfortable resting area
- Excellent air quality and ventilation (draft-free)
- Convenient access to feed and water
- Confident footing
The basic housing needs above apply to animals at all stages of growth. However, housing needs based on dietary requirements, social issues, management needs, and environmental needs will vary by stage of growth. It is because of this that the Penn State Extension Dairy Team recommends creating many separate groups for youngstock.